how to build a
healthy plate

If you, like many of us (myself included!), struggle for inspiration on how to plan or put together a healthly, nutritionally balanced meal from scratch using fresh ingredients, this simple guide will hopefully lend some help.

How to build a healthy plate

salmon soba noodles salad used here as an illustration of how to build a nutritionally balanced meal

This guide is not an absolute, rather a little visual tool that I hope some may find helpful. I tend to use this when I am assembly cooking, rather than making a complete recipe. For example, I might bake a chicken breast (protein) steam some broccoli & green beans then drizzle in olive oil (vegetables & healthy fats) and add a few new potatoes in to cook (complex carbohydrates). It’s not a supper than needs a recipe, but this plate-based guideline can help me to ensure I have each category covered.

how to portion the plate

1. Start with VEGETABLES (include a rainbow of colours)
2. Include a portion of PROTEIN
3. Add some HEALTHY FAT (e.g. a good drizzle of oil or a sprinkle of seeds/nuts)
Add COMPLEX CARBOHYDRATES or minimally processed wholegrain if you’re feeling hungry or have higher energy demands

Sometimes a single food will cross multiple categories:

i) Nuts, for example, could be both our protein and healthy fats.
ii) Leek & potato soup might contain olive oil (healthy fats), vegetables (leeks) and carbohydrates (potatoes) so would need some protein to be added.

Note: If you aren’t sure what counts as a protein or complex carb etc., see my article on Food Category Reminders.

Here are some simple examples of how to build your plate –
combine ideas from each of the four groups in the proportions laid out above:

(or Fruit)

Rocket leaves & tomatoes
Steamed broccoli & Green beans
Carrot & Turmeric Soup
Baby spinach
Beetroot, cucumber & watercress
Raspberries & blueberries


Cooked chicken
Baked Fish
Cashews (in soup)
Poached eggs
Cannelini beans
Natural yoghurt
Homemade Hummus
Simple Dahl

Healthy Fat

Tahini dressing
Drizzle of olive oil
Sprinkle of seeds
Olive oil dressing
Drizzle of olive oil
Almond butter
Small handful of nuts

Complex carbohydrates (optional)

Rye bread toast
Steamed new potatoes
Sourdough toast
Rice cakes
Baked potato
Buckwheat pancakes

Salmon Soba Noodle Salad by Amelia Freer

A note on plates….

There are some interesting studies that suggest that the type of plate we choose can impact our eating habits. Choosing a larger plate can lead to us serve bigger portion sizes, whereas choosing a smaller plate inclines us to smaller portions. Also, choosing a plate colour that highly contrasts with the food may be helpful to reduce over-serving and vice versa. 1

Having said this, the effects are quite small. So don’t think you need to rush out and buy a whole new dinner service! I just think it’s an interesting observation.


Van Ittersum, K. and Wansink, B. (2012). Plate Size and Color Suggestibility: The Delboeuf Illusion’s Bias on Serving and Eating Behavior. Journal of Consumer Research, 39(2), pp.215-228.